Like most diseases that affect the human body, it is much easier to prevent the onset of gum disease than to treat it later. Gum disease is caused by the build up of plaque on the teeth and gums. Both prevention and treatment start with the same basic tenets, keep you gums and teeth as clean as possible.
Plaque is a natural by product of the mixture of food and saliva. It is not really the problem, the problems are caused by the bacteria that thrive on plaque. When plaque is allowed to stay on the teeth for an extended period of time this bacterium releases a substance that is harmful to your gums. To avoid the symptoms of gum disease all you need do is brush and floss regularly, at least twice a day.
There are two basic levels of gum disease. Gingivitis is the milder version. Its symptoms include inflammation of the gums and bleeding when the teeth are brushed. The more damaging version of the disease is called periodontitis. The first symptom of this disease is the gums receding back from the teeth. If not treated the infection could travel to the jaw bone and teeth. This stage will result in irreversible damage if not treated promptly.
To prevent gingivitis you need to keep up a regular oral hygiene routine that includes not only brushing and flossing but also regular dental visits. To treat it you need to do the same only perhaps with increased diligence.
The only way to ensure that you never get periodontitis is to avoid getting gingivitis. If you already have the disease the dentist will prescribe antibiotics and may do a deep cleaning procedure that is designed to clean deep benefit the gum line. If the damage is severe you may also need to have surgery to correct the problems and prevent any more from happening.
Source by Scott Wells