Kidney Stones – What Are They

It is not unusual if you have kidney stones in your body. This is especially so if you have been making unhealthy choices in your diet and withadequate consumption of fluid. Passing out a kidney stone can be a very painful experience.

In its early stage of development, kidney stones rarely cause symptoms. Thus, they are almost non detectable. It is only when you complain about blood in the urine that you realize that you may be having kidney stones. You start to feel the pain when the stone passes through your ureter.

The primary reason for the presence of kidney stones is concentrated urine. When your urine gets concentrated, minerals and other salts form crystals. They get attached to the inner lining of your kidney. These crystals develop over time to form calculus of different sizes. Most kidney stones are passed out harmlessly. It is those large kidney stones which cause pain and infection.

There are generally four different types of kidney stones. Majority of the kidney stones are calcium stones. As the name suggests, they are a combination of calcium and oxalate. They appear in your urine due to several reasons. The excessive use of vitamin D for other ailments may result in the presence of large amount of calcium. Struvite stones, mainly found in women, are produced by bacteria responsible for urinary tract infections. These bacteria produced a special type of enzyme which increases the quantity of ammonia in urine. The other two types are uric acid stones and cystine stones.

You feel the painful effects of kidney stone when they are large. Large stones block your ureter and this causes infection and difficulty in passing urine. The most common symptom is intense pain. The pain is felt in your back or just under the ribs. When the stone moves, the pain shifts to your lower abdomen and then to genital veins. Urine in your blood is an important sign of kidney stone. Another important symptom is constant urge to urinate.

Why do you get kidney stones? One of the major reasons is caused by the lack of fluids. You need to drink enough liquid everyday to flush out the toxic waste materials. Certain diseases can also increase the risk of stone formation. Medications, protein rich diet devoid of fiber and family history are the other major reasons for kidney stones.

There are numerous methods to determine whether you have kidney stones or not. This involves blood and urine analysis and several imaging tests. Treatment depends upon the type and size of the stone. The common severe treatment is the use of shock waves to break down large stones. Another major method is surgical removal of stones through tunnel surgery. Kidney stones are also removed with the help of ureteroscope.

The best way to prevent kidney stones is through natural methods. An important natural remedy is taking large quantity of fluid to increase the urine output. You need to consume more than 3 liters of water a day. There are also several alternative treatment methods to flush out kidney stones via kidney cleansing.

Preventative measures should be taken before the kidney stones in your body cause a major threat to your health. You would have save yourself having to go through surgery to remove them. You should see look for ways to flush out kidney stones as soon as you can!

Source by Sandra Kim Leong

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