Anyone can be affected by kidney stones; nobody is resistant to the mind numbing pain associated with kidney stones. What causes kidney stones to be so painful? The movement of a razor sharp calcium stone slowly moving from the kidney through the urinary tract. Your flow of urine will become partially blocked increasing pressure and pain, constantly pushing the stone through the urinary tract. Fever, chills, feeling sick and excessive pain are just a few of the symptoms you may experience as the stone passes. Males are more susceptible to renal stones than females. Renal stones most commonly occur within individuals ranging from 30 to 50 years old.
Kidney stones may form when the normal balance of water, salts, minerals, and other substances found in urine changes. How this balance changes determines the type of kidney stone you have. Most stones are calcium type, they form when the calcium levels in your urine change. The best way to prevent urinary balance up set is by drinking plenty of water. When you do not drink enough water, the salts, minerals, and other elements in the urine can stick together and form a stone. This is the most common cause of kidney stones.
Many medical conditions can upset the normal balance and cause renal stones to form. Possibilities include inflammatory bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, gout and infrequently an increase in hormone from the parathyroid gland leading to increase calcium level. Prescription drugs that increase the quantity of calcium within the urine, such as diuretics may also increase the likelihood of kidney gem stones.
If your stone is small, it may pass out of your body on its own within a few days or weeks. Your doctor will likely ask you to drink lots of water – 2 to 3 liters a day – and prescribe a pain medication. You may be asked to urinate through a strainer so the stone can be recovered and analyzed. Once the stone's composition is known, your doctor can prescribe medications or suggest diet changes to help prevent another kidney stone. The most common types of kidney stones are calcium and oxalate. Each type may require a different eating plan. There are certain foods you can have, and other foods you should avoid, to reduce the chance that you will get stones again. If you had kidney stones before, you are more likely to get them again. But by following the eating plan your doctor or dietitian suggests, you may prevent new kidney stones.
There are very few pains that compare to the pain associated with a kidney stone. If you've been unlucky enough to be diagnosed with renal stones, then you are aware of the excruciating pain that companies are there passing. Pacing, crawling, curling up in a fetal position, nothing helps. Here are a few methods that may help make moving your kidney stone more tolerable.
• Person suffering from stones should drink 2 to 3 liters of water a day. If you're feeling nauseous, try taking small sips as often as you can. This will help flush your kids as well as encourage that renal mass to move.
• Advil or another medication containing Ibuprofen will help with the inflammation caused by the stone (and can be used in addition to narcotics prescribed by your doctor).
• Add a little citric acid to your water. Squeeze some juice from a fresh lemon or add a lemon slice. The citric acid may help to break down the components of the stone (calcium and salts).
• Drinking alcohol is not a good idea for helping to flush a kidney stone. Because alcohol is a sugary diuretic, this will cause you to urinate more often, thereby becoming dehydrated. The high sugar contents of liquids also increase the risk of developing an infection.
• Limit or completely eliminate diuretics such as black tea, coffee and soft drinks. These will only cause the body to become dehydrated. Drinking only water and fruit juices is the safe way to go.
• Apply heat. The heat allows your mind and body to focus on an additional stimulus, taking the full focus off the kidney pain. Get a heating pad and place it on the source of pain. You can take a shower, allow the water to spray onto the afflicted area. This may provide temporary relief, as methods of distraction for your body. The heat not only distracts the mind but also relaxes the tender, swollen muscles around the kidney. This allows some of the muscle tension to ease up, so making it easier for the stone to work its way down.
• Find a comfortable position to rest and recover from your stones, but be sure to walk around. Even if walking hurts, get some physical activity every day or you risk getting a serious, and potentially life threatening, blood clot in your leg. You may find that sitting propped up on pillows is much more comfortable than lying on your back.
If kidney stones are too large to be passed naturally (6-7 mm in diameter or larger), you may need to seek treatment by your doctor to remove it by another method such as extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy or open surgery. The type of treatment you will require may depend on the size and location of your stones.